Grow Sturdy Plant Cell Walls with Potassium Silicate

Grower’s aspire for hardy, stress-resistant plants with maximum growth and flower production. By taking important steps towards protecting your crops from stress and disease, you greatly increase your chances of enjoying a robust harvest.

Plants deprived of essential nutrients are structurally weak, abnormal in growth, susceptible to abiotic stress via metallic toxicities and easy prey to fungal diseases. The best way to avoid this scenario is through use of supplements that provide support, bulk up interior plant system and thrust resistance to pest and diseases.

Silicon tops the list of essential elements used by hydroponics growers to accelerate plant’s growth. It strengthens cell wall, guards against environmental stress, improves uptake of water and minerals, and adds an extra level of protection against fungal diseases. Potassium silicate fortifies resistance to pathogens and enhances agricultural productivity.

Now, we will summarize Potassium Silicate chemistry and its significance in hydroponics for growers in our community.

Potassium Silicate is the best form of silicon for plants

Potassium Silicate, a highly soluble source of Potassium and Silica is used in farming primarily as silica amendment and has an added benefit of releasing extra potassium. Silicon was an underrated element in the past. But, recent developments in science and technology have proven Silicon to be an essential component, vital for plant’s growth with disease prevention. The element is readily taken up and is present in high concentration in plant tissues. In fact, after oxygen, Silicon is the second most abundant element present in soil and Potassium Silicate is the best form of Silicon for plants. Over a major chunk of potassium fertilizers available in the market are chlorides. The drawback of potassium chloride is high content of chlorides leading to chloride accumulation, harming your crops. However, use of Potassium silicate in your feeding program benefits the crops in many ways.

How Potassium Silicate works

Plants take silicon into their walls, making tougher cell walls. The assimilation increases rigidity and strength, to support, larger flowers and fruits. It also strengthens cell walls of plant stalk and stem to hold additional weight and support big buds. Silicate deposition in epidermal cell wall enable plants to hold their leaves at upward angle, allowing more light to penetrate to lower areas of the canopy. Potassium Silicate acts as natural fungicide and boosts plants defense mechanism. It’s established that silicon offers mechanical strength along with crop protection. When plant tissues are rich in silicates they lose less moisture.

Silica also helps the formation of trichomes that make flowers more potent. When silicon is fed to the plants they saturate their cell walls with silicates, silicify trichomes and make cystolith hair to the maximum of their genetic potential. Potassium silicate treatment induces metabolic changes; increase in citric acid and malic acid level plus decrease in fructose, glucose, sucrose, and myo-inositol content.

Increases Resistance – Silicon acts at molecular level, contributing in plant’s phytoalexins defense mechanism (anti-oxidative substances synthesized by plants that accumulate rapidly at areas of pathogen infection). Once triggered, phenolics are secreted to ward off pathogens. Silicate fertilizers invigorate plants defense mechanism, diminish on-set of disease and oppose predators. Plants resist pathogens with combination of constitutive and induced defenses. Supplements rich in potassium silicate develop resistance to heat, as well as, water stress.

Sturdy cell walls – Plants capture silicon into their cell walls, improving rigidity and productivity. It increases epidermal toughness, cell length- especially in the basal region, promoting cell elongation.  In addition; strengthens cell wall by cross- linking, builds tough interior and elevates firmness.

Increases metabolic rate – Silicon increases reproductive rate in plants. Optimum levels add to tolerance to zinc deficiencies with protection from toxic levels of phosphorous, manganese, sodium and aluminum. Besides, malic acid and citric acid levels also rise, escalating metabolic rate in plants.

So, now that you know the secret behind those tough and sturdy plants in your neighbor’s grow room,  don’t be disheartened, simply add a phenomenal potassium silicate supplement along with base nutrients to your next cycle and see the difference! Build up your plant cell walls and encourage productivity this harvest.

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